The Lord Jesus Christ - His cross and resurrection

His Cross

The Cross was not an incident in Christ's life - but the purpose of it. It was an at-one-ment, The principle of atonement runs through the whole Bible

What men say about the atonement,

    • the example theory :- as we follow His example all hindrances to our communion with God will be removed
    • the moral influence theory :- by His sacrificial life He unloosed a power within us
    • the governmental theory :- God is not wounded by our sins, but Christ was punished just so God's government might be upheld..
    • the identification theory :- Sin, suffering and death are in the way of our fellowship with God, so Christ took them upon Himself

What we must remember as we consider the atonement.

    • You cannot separate God from His law.
    • He Himself is personally affronted by sin. It offends Him. Rom 1:18.
    • any atonement must render satisfaction to His nature. He demands appeasement
    • The Deity of Christ meant He was able to give to God what He demanded,
    • There is a debt to pay. He paid. it. Redemption. 1 Pet 1:18-20.
    • There is a penalty to bear, He bore it. Propitiation. Rom 3:25, see also Gal 3:13.
    • His true humanity entitled Him to offer Himself as a Substitute.
    • humanity sinned, and humanity must pay.
    • He was sinless, and qualified to take the sinner's place. Sacrifice. Heb 10:12 see also 1 Pet 2:21-24,
    • This is how reconciliation was effected ! Rom 5:10, 2 Cor 5,20.

Some other important points to be clear about

    • It was planned in eternity 1 Pet 1:19-20, Rev 13:8 17:8.
    • It took place in time. John 19:16-18.
    • Its results are retrospective & prospective and eternal. Heb 9:15, 5:9.
    • It was for a definite people John 10.11926-30
    • "HIMSELF for ME" Gal 2:20

His resurrection

    An important fact.

      • to remove the resurrection is to remove the keystone of Christianity without it -
      • we cannot preach a living Saviour
      • our faith has no factual basis
      • the Scriptures are untrue
      • the Lord was evidently mistaken, and is discredited
      • we can hold out no future hope
      • see 1 Corinthians 15:14-19

    A denied fact.

      • "The resurrection is not denied because the evidence is regarded as insufficient, but the evidence is rejected and repudiated because the resurrection is denied." (W. Graham Scroggie).
      • some deny it outright "I would not believe Jesus rose, even if I saw it." (Ernest Renan).
      • some deny it more subtlety. "There is no living Christ who is a divine person, he is present only where the Word that testifies of Him is proclaimed" ( Rudolf Bultmann ).

    A fact - nonetheless.

      • The evidence will stand up easily in a court of law.
      • the grave was empty
      • none of the other explanations hold water - wrong tomb, swoon, thieves, disciples stole body, authorities stole body,
      • the graveclothes were undisturbed.
      • the Lord was seen
      • on ten separate occasions
      • the records do not have the characteristics of hallucinations
      • nor the characteristics of inventions.
      • The disciples were changed.Take Peter, for example, or James, the Lord's brother
      • the very existence of the Christian church is tangible evidence
      • the witness of Paul confirms it
      • the Lord's Day stems from it
      • The Lord is risen indeed ! ( Lk 24~34 ).

    A significant fact.

      • It declares to the world that Christ really is the Son of God. Acts 13:33, 2:24, Rom 1:4
      • It means that the salvation of believers has been definitely secured Rom 4:25, 8:34, Phil 3:10
      • It makes believers certain of their future hope. 1 Pet 1:3, 1 Cor 15:20, 23, Phil 3:21
      • It assures all people everywhere that the world will be judged. Acts 17:31.
      • It illustrates that the last word is always with God. Acts 2:22-24.

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