The Lord Jesus Christ - is God

His Deity

    WHO WAS JESUS?

    God? good? mad? or bad?

    The doctrine of Christ's deity is the foundation-stone of Christianity. Through the centuries both unbelievers and believers have applauded His unique character. His deity is the historic doctrine of the churches, taught in their creeds but it is a truth being freshly attacked today

    • WHAT DOES THE SCRIPTURE SAY ?
      • Old Testament references to Jehovah are, in the New, applied to Christ.
      • this is inexplicable, if He be not Christ.
      • compare :- Isaiah 40:3 with Matt 3:3
      • Eccl 12:14 with 1 Cor 4:5
      • Psalm 68:18 with Eph 4:7-8
      • Psalm 45:6-7 with Heb 1:8
      • Psalm 7:9 with Rev 2:23
    • Divine attributes are ascribed to Christ.
      • Eternity Jn 1:1-2, Rev 1:8,17-18, 22:13
      • Omnipotence Matt 28:18, Phil 3:21
      • Omniscience Jn 2:24, 4:29, 16:30, 21:17, Col 2:3
      • Omnipresence Matt 28:19-20
      • Self-existence Jn 1:4, 5:26, Rev 1:8,17, 22:13
      • Immutability Heb 13:8.
    • Divine acts are ascribed to Christ
      • Creation Jn 1:3, Col 1:16, Heb 1:10
      • Providence Heb 1:3, Col 1.17
      • Resurrection Jn 5:27-28
      • Judgement Jn 5:27, Matt 25:31
      • Forgiveness of sin Col 3:13, Mk 2:7,10.
    • Divine worship is ascribed to Christ.
      • contrast Jn 2:28 with Rev 22:8-9
      • see also Heb 1:6 and Rev 5:12-14.
    • Divine identity is ascribed to Christ
      • by :- John the Baptist Jn 1:34
      • Peter Matt 16:16, 2 Pet 1:16-18
      • Paul Acts 9:20, 20:28, Rom 9:5, Col 2:9, Tit 2:13
      • all the apostles Jn 1:1,14, 1 John 1:1.
    • Divine claims were made by Christ
      • for examples of implied claims, see Matt 5:18,20,22, Lk 2:48-9, Jn 20:30-31
      • for explicit claims, see Jn 8:56-59, 17:5, 18:4-6, Matt 26:63-64
      • others who have made similar claims have been contradicted by their lives
      • but the character of Christ supports His claims in every way.
      • and His claims are proved by His resurrection.

MAY WE CALL IN OTHER WlTNESSES ?

  • the witness of the spread of Christianity. This can only be accounted for by the supernatural
    • the witness of His transforming power. If He be not the Son of God, how do you explain the fact that after 2,000 years there are millions who would gladly surrender life itself, rather than deny Him ?
    • We join with Peter to say :-
    • "We believe and are sure that thou art that Christ,
    • the Son of the living God." ( John 6:69).
  • His two natures.
    • "He was, and continues to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and. one person, for ever." (Shorter Catechism),
    • we must not affirm the deity of our Lord while omitting His humanity
    • we must not affirm the humanity of our Lord while omitting His deity
    • we call the doctrine summarised above - "the hypostatic union".
    • we are confronted with the fact that it is :-
  • Mysterious
    • 1 Timothy 3:16
    • it is without analogy, anywhere
    • but the mystery of the subject must not prevent us accepting what God's Word says.
    • must the doctrine be rejected simply because it is an impenetrable mystery to finite minds ?
  • Actual
    • whatever it is to be God, Jesus is that, absolutely
    • He was, and is, equally really man
    • His humanity and deity were distinct and separate.
    • each retained its normal attributes
    • the divine did not penetrate the human
    • the human was not absorbed in the divine
    • yet the two natures were bound together so as to constitute Him one Person
    • the God-Man !!
  • Demonstrable
    • He did not act sometimes by one nature, and sometimes by the other
    • He acted in all things as a single Personality
    • we can attribute to the one Person what is really appropriate to only one of His two natures for example see 1 Cor 2:8
    • we should not say that a certain act or saying of His was divine, while another was merely human
    • both proceed from the single Personality of Christ.
    • we see this clearly in our Lord's words
    • there is no interchange of "I" and "Thou" between the two natures, such as is recorded of the 3 Persons of the Trinity - Jn 17:23
    • He never used the plural when speaking of Himself.
    • yet He speaks of Himself as being in heaven and on earth at the same time
    • 2 natures were so united as to form a single Person see Romans 1:3-4.
  • Necessary
    • had He been only man, His death would have been of no more value than a martyr's
    • had He been only God, He would have had no real link with humanity, and His death could not have redeemed
    • the union of His 2 natures ensures that His atonement avails for men, and yet is infinite in its power.
    • it also ensures that He is a proper Mediator between God and man
    • His two natures enable Him to lay hands on both
    • His deity gives Him equal dignity with God. Phil 2:5-11.
    • His humanity gives Him perfect sympathy with man. Heb 2:17-18, 4:14-16.
    • assured of His human sympathy, we know He is willing to save & help us.
    • assured of His deity, we know He is able to save and help us,
    • He is thus by virtue of the hypostatic union, an ALL SUFFICIENT SAVIOUR FOR SINNERS !
  • Eternal
    • the humanity which He has assumed is His for ever
    • His incarnation is perpetual. He remains 'the Son of Man'. Acts 7:56, Matt 25:31.
    • in His ascension, humanity attained the throne of the universe. Matt 28:18, Acts 9:4-6, Phil 2:9-11.
    • He has a bodily form, such as was manifested to the disciples after His resurrection. Jn 20:19-29, Acts 1:9-11
    • It is a literal but glorified body, with all the essential attributes of humanity, but not subject to the natural limitations of life on earth. See 1 Corinthians 15:35-58.
    • although we are joint-heirs with Him, we shall never partake of His deity. But we shall have a perfect humanity, receiving a body like His. Phil 3:20-21, 1 John 3:1-3.

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