The Lord Jesus Christ - before his earthly birth

  • His Pre-existence.
    • I AM what I was - GOD
    • I was not what I am - MAN
    • I am now called both - GOD and MAN.
    • (Old Latin inscription)
  • The importance of this truth
    • Christ's birth did not mark His origin. He is unique
    • There could be no Trinity without the pre-existent Son of God.
    • If Christ had no prior existence, He could not have come to be a living revelation of God
  • How this truth is taught in the New Testament.
    • He is clearly said to be the Creator. John 1:1-3, Col 1:15-18.
    • It is clearly taught that He was with the Father before the world existed; that He was rich, and possessed glory. John 1:1,15,30, 6:62 8:57-58, 17:5, 2 Cor 8:9.
    • He is clearly represented as the One Who came into the world, having come down from heaven. John 3:13, 31, 13:3, 16:27-28, 1 Cor 15:47
  • How this truth is taught in the Old Testament.
    • Look at the following key passages :-
    • Psalm 45, esp. 6-7 see also (Hebrews 1:8-9)
    • Psalm 110, esp. 1 (Matthew 22:41-46)
    • Isaiah 9:6-7 (Matthew 4:14-16)
    • Micah 5:2 (Matthew 2:6, John 7:42)
    • Malachi 3:1-2 (Mark 1:2)
    • Zechariah 2:10-11
  • Appearances of Christ in the Old Testament
    • God sometimes appeared to ancient Israel. It could not have been God the Father, because He has never been seen. (John 1:18, 6:46).
    • The Jehovah Who appeared is also described as the One sent by Jehovah (the Angel of the Lord). The Father is never sent. But the Son is. ( John 5:36 ).
    • In Old Testament times Christ came in the form of a man, while at Bethlehem He became man. In the Old Testament He took human form only temporarily and for a limited purpose; but at Bethlehem He became flesh perpetually.
    • Such appearances are usually called 'theophanies'. Examples are Genesis 16:7-13, 18:2-33, 32:24-32 (see Hosea 12:3-5), Exodus 3:2-6 (see 14:19, Isaiah 63:7-9). In each case the Angel sent by God is seen to be God Himself.
    • Malachi 3:1 is decisive. The messenger or angel of the covenant is declared to be the Lord. Mark 1:2 refers this verse to Christ
    • "But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, MADE OF A WOMAN..." (Gal 4:4)